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Fuller Up, The Dead Musician Directory

This list comprises musicians and other notables who've died in 2001.

Click here for the list of 2001 Musician deaths and their obits...

The Men and Women We Lost in 2001


In this year like no other, the last male survivor of the Titanic passed away.

Michel Navratil, 92, died in his native France on Jan. 31. He was just 3 at the time of the 1912 sinking, and he and his 2-year-old brother became famous as ``The Orphans of the Titanic'' because their father, traveling under a false name, had died in the wreck and it took days to identify them.

Neil Levin died, too: The chief of the agency that owned the World Trade Center perished in its twin towers Sept. 11 along with thousands of other workers.

An ordinary boy caught in a tragedy of the distant past - the destruction of the ``unsinkable'' marvel of shipbuilding. An ordinary man caught in the tragedy of our time - the destruction of New York's tallest skyscrapers, themselves an engineering marvel when they were built three decades ago.

Some notables, such as former Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield, left us in their 90s, active until nearly the end. Fate robbed others - such as singer and actress Aaliyah, dead at 22 - of decades of life.

We lost George Harrison, whose stirring guitar propelled the Beatles' music, and Chet Atkins, guitar master of the Nashville sound and a major influence on Harrison.

And Katharine Graham (news - web sites), who made The Washington Post a leader of journalism, and Herblock, the paper's longtime cartoonist.

Perennial candidate Harold Stassen, race car ace Dale Earnhardt (news - web sites). '60s figures John Phillips and Ken Kesey, and the Baby Boomers' favorite cowgirl, Dale Evans. Isaac Stern, violinist without peer. Art dealer Daniel Wildenstein.

Killers such as Timothy McVeigh (news - web sites) and Byron De La Beckwith. The elfin Imogene Coca, who made us laugh, and the barrel-chested Anthony Quinn, who created memorable, robust characters.

These are just some of the people who left us in 2001. Here, a listing:

Ray Walston, 86. He played the lovable extraterrestrial Uncle Martin on the 1960s TV sitcom ``My Favorite Martian'' and the devil in ``Damn Yankees.'' Jan. 1.

William P. Rogers, 87. Attorney general in one Republican administration, secretary of state in another, and a champion of civil rights and freedom of the press. Jan. 2.

Les Brown, 88. His Band of Renown scored a No. 1 hit with ``Sentimental Journey'' during America's big band era. Jan. 4.

John G. Schmitz, 70. Ultraconservative politician whose fiery rhetoric defined right-wing Southern California Republicanism. Jan. 10.

William Hewlett, 87. The shirt-sleeved engineer who co-founded Hewlett-Packard Co. in a garage in 1938 and pioneered Silicon Valley and the computer age itself. Jan. 12.

Leonard Woodcock, 89. He shepherded the United Auto Workers (news - web sites) union and then served as ambassador to China in the Carter administration. Jan. 16.

Laurent Kabila, 59. Congo leader who was welcomed as a liberator but came to resemble the dictator he toppled. Jan. 16. Shot to death.

Gregory Corso, 70. One of the circle of Beat poets that included Allen Ginsberg; known for the 1958 poem ``Bomb.'' Jan. 17.

Morris Lapidus, 98. Architect who designed some of Florida's most outlandish hotels, such as the Fontainebleau, and lived to see his flamboyant style gain a measure of respect. Jan. 18.

Byron De La Beckwith, 80. White supremacist convicted three decades after the fact for assassinating civil rights leader Medgar Evers. Jan. 21.

Tommie Agee, 58. He made two of the greatest catches in World Series history to help the New York Mets win the championship in 1969. Jan. 22. Heart attack.

Al McGuire, 72. Hall of Fame college basketball coach and broadcaster who delighted fans with an endless stream of stories and one-liners. Jan. 26.

O. Winston Link, 86. His dramatic nighttime photographs of smoke-puffing steam engines documented a vanished era of American railroads and became valued as art. Jan. 30.

Johnnie Johnson, 85. He shot down 38 enemy aircraft, making him the British Royal Air Force's top gun in World War II. Jan. 30.

Michel Navratil, 92. The last male survivor of doomed Titanic, whose identity was a highly publicized mystery for days. Jan. 31.

Howard Clark, 84. Visionary corporate executive who led American Express while it developed into a corporate giant. Feb. 2.

Gilbert Trigano, 80. His Club Med resorts revolutionized modern tourism and delivered sunny vacations to the masses. Feb. 3.

Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 94. The wife of aviator Charles A. Lindbergh, who became his co-pilot and wrote about their pioneering adventures in flight. Feb. 7.

Dale Evans, 88. Singer-actress who teamed with husband Roy Rogers in popular Westerns and wrote their theme song, ``Happy Trails to You.'' Feb. 7.

Abraham D. Beame, 94. He served as mayor of New York through the darkest days of the city's 1975 fiscal crisis. Feb. 10.

Dr. William H. Masters, 85. A leading researcher in the field of human sexuality, he co-wrote 1966 best seller ``Human Sexual Response'' with his future wife Virginia Johnson. Feb. 16.

Howard W. Koch, 84. Veteran producer and director whose credits include ``The Manchurian Candidate'' and the TV series ``Maverick.'' Feb. 16.

Dale Earnhardt, 49. Seven-time Winston Cup champion and one of the most beloved stars in auto racing. Feb. 18. Head injuries in crash during the Daytona 500.

Eddie Mathews, 69. Boston, Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves third baseman who hit 512 home runs in a Hall of Fame career. Feb. 18.

Balthus, 92. Swiss painter, one of the 20th century's greatest realist artists best known for his erotic - some say pornographic - portrayal of adolescent beauties. Feb. 18.

Roger Caras, 72. Author, broadcast journalist and devoted champion of animals large and small. Feb. 18.

Stanley Kramer, 87. Producer and-or director of some of Hollywood's most celebrated ``message'' films including ``High Noon'' and ``Judgment at Nuremberg.'' Feb. 19.

Warner LeRoy, 65. Restaurateur whose Hollywood roots and business savvy brought glamour and pizzaz to renowned New York eateries such as Tavern on the Green. Feb. 22.

Anthony ``Tony Jack'' Giacalone, 82. Reputed mafia captain who many believe knew the secret behind the 1975 disappearance of Teamsters boss Jimmy Hoffa. Feb. 23.

A.R. Ammons, 75. He won nearly every major American poetry award for works that echoed Emerson and Whitman in their treatment of nature and the soul. Feb. 24.

Claude Shannon, 84. Mathematician and computer scientist whose theories about binary code - a string of 1s and 0s - became the basis for modern mass communications networks. Feb. 24.

Stan Margulies, 80. Television producer behind two of the most watched miniseries in television history, ``Roots'' and ``The Thorn Birds.'' Feb. 27. MARCH

Henry Wade, 86. District attorney in Dallas whose career included the murder trial of Jack Ruby and the landmark abortion case Roe vs. Wade. March 1.

John Painter, 112. Thought to be the nation's oldest veteran, his military service during World War I took him from the Tennessee hills to the front lines of France. March 1.

James A. Rhodes, 91. Former governor of Ohio whose decision to send National Guard troops to Kent State University to quell an anti-war protest in 1970 led to four student deaths. March 4.

Harold E. Stassen, 93. Perennial presidential candidate whose name became a synonym for political futility despite a distinguished career as governor, diplomat and university president. March 4.

James St. Clair, 80. Lawyer who argued to the Supreme Court that President Nixon should not have to give Watergate tapes to a special prosecutor. March 9.

Morton Downey Jr., 68. Abrasive, chain-smoking talk show host whose reign over 1980s ``trash TV'' opened the way for the likes of Jerry Springer. March 11.

Robert Ludlum, 73. Author whose spy adventure novels had unbelievable plot twists that kept millions of readers turning pages. March 12.

S. Dillon Ripley, 87. He headed the museums and research of the Smithsonian Institution (news - web sites) from 1964 to 1984, helping found eight new museums. March 12.

Cord Meyer, 80. One of the defining figures in the history of the Central Intelligence Agency (news - web sites). March 13.

Ann Sothern, 92. Beauty who starred as the movies' wisecracking ``Maisie'' and as the busybody Susie McNamara in the 1950s TV series ``Private Secretary.'' March 15.

John Phillips, 65. Co-founder of the '60s pop group the Mamas and the Papas and writer of its biggest hits, including ``California Dreamin''' and ``Monday Monday.'' March 18.

Chung Ju-yung, 86. He symbolized South Korea (news - web sites)'s economic miracle in the aftermath of war as founder of Hyundai. March 21.

William Hanna, 90. Animation pioneer who with partner Joseph Barbera created such beloved cartoon characters as Fred Flintstone, Yogi Bear and Tom and Jerry. March 22.

John Lewis, 80. Pianist who masterminded one of the most famous ensembles in jazz, the Modern Jazz Quartet. March 29.

Rep. Norman Sisisky (news - bio - voting record), 73. A conservative Virginia Democrat who was a strong advocate for defense spending during nine terms in Congress. March 29.

Clifford G. Shull, 85. He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in physics for his work in neutron scattering - a technique that reveals where atoms are within a material. March 31. APRIL

Ed ``Big Daddy'' Roth, 69. His fantastic car creations and anti-hero Rat Fink character helped define the California hotrod culture of the 1950s and '60s. April 4.

Beatrice Straight, 86. Actress who earned an Academy Award for her role as William Holden's estranged wife in the television spoof ``Network.'' April 7.

Frank Annunzio, 86. Former congressman who represented Chicago for 28 years and fought to make Columbus Day a national holiday. April 8.

Willie Stargell, 61. Hall of Famer who led the Pittsburgh Pirates to two World Series victories with his soaring, majestic homers. April 9.

Sir Harry Secombe, 79. Comedian whose gift for the ridiculous on radio's ``Goon Show'' made him one of Britain's best-loved entertainers. April 11.

Joey Ramone, 49. Punk rock icon whose signature yelp melded with the Ramones' three-chord thrash to launch an explosion of bands like the Sex Pistols. April 15. Lymphoma.

Meldrim Thomson, 89. Former New Hampshire governor whose support of conservative causes outraged liberals while his fiery anti-tax stance brought him three terms in office. April 19.

The Rev. Leon Sullivan, 78. A pioneering civil rights crusader who developed an international code of business conduct called the Sullivan Principals and helped end South Africa's system of apartheid. April 24.

Meyer Friedman, 90. Doctor who developed the theory that angry, uptight people - ``Type A'' personalities - are more prone to heart attacks. April 27.

Richard M. Scammon, 85. Political scientist who co-wrote ``The Real Majority,'' which declared the importance of the middle-class, middle-of-the-road voter. April 27.

Harold ``Happy'' Hairston, 58. A Los Angeles Lakers forward in the early 1970s when the team was what many consider the greatest basketball team ever. May 1. Prostate cancer (news - web sites).

Cliff Hillegass, 83. Founder of Cliffs Notes, whose study guides helped generations of students get through literature classes. May 5.

Douglas Adams, 49. British author whose science fiction comedy ``The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' spawned a mini-industry. May 11. Apparent heart attack.

Perry Como, 88. With his mellow baritone, he entertained audiences on hits such as ``Catch a Falling Star'' and his popular TV show, ``The Perry Como Show.'' May 12.

Jason Miller, 62. Playwright who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1973 for ``That Championship Season'' and sometime actor who was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of a priest in ``The Exorcist.'' May 13.

Dr. Walker Reynolds Jr., 85. Surgeon noted for 57 medical inventions, including the use of staples for surgery instead of sutures. May 17.

Malcom P. McLean, 87. His use of large cargo containers revolutionized the global shipping industry and changed the way goods are moved around the world. May 25.

Rep. Joseph Moakley, 74. Fifteen-term congressman from working-class South Boston hailed as ``the last of the old-style pols.'' May 28.

Faisal Husseini, 60. Moderate PLO leader treated by much of the world as the Palestinians' foreign minister. May 31.

Arlene Francis, 93. Witty actress who was a panelist on the popular ``What's My Line?'' TV show for its 25-year run. May 31.

Nkosi Johnson, 12. South African boy whose fight against AIDS (news - web sites) and his message, ``We are all human beings,'' inspired millions. June 1.

Hank Ketcham, 81. Comic strip artist whose lovable scamp, ``Dennis the Menace,'' amused readers for five decades. June 1.

King Birendra of Nepal, 55. Popular monarch of the Himalayan nation for nearly 30 years, the last 11 as a ceremonial figure. June 1. Murdered along with his wife and seven other family members by a son who then committed suicide.

Imogene Coca, 92. Elfin actress and comedian who co-starred with Sid Caesar on television's classic ``Your Show of Shows.'' June 2.

Joey Maxim, 79. Boxing Hall of Famer who outlasted Sugar Ray Robinson in a sweltering title fight in 1952. June 2.

Anthony Quinn, 86. The Oscar winner remembered for his roles as the earthy hero of ``Zorba the Greek'' and the fierce Bedouin leader in ``Lawrence of Arabia.'' June 3.

Marie Bremont, 115. Frenchwoman who was believed to be the world's oldest person. June 6.

Timothy McVeigh, 33. Oklahoma City bomber. June 11. Executed.

Joe Darion, 90. He won a Tony as the lyricist for ``Man of La Mancha,'' the show that includes the inspiring ``The Impossible Dream.'' June 16.

Stanley Mosk, 88. California Supreme Court Justice who in 37 years on the bench wrote landmark decisions on civil rights, free speech and criminal justice. June 19.

Carroll O'Connor, 76. Actor whose gruff charm as the cranky bigot Archie Bunker on ``All in the Family'' began a new era of frankness in TV comedy. June 21.

John Lee Hooker, 80. Bluesman whose rich, sonorous voice, coupled with a brooding rhythmic guitar, inspired countless musicians with songs like ``Boom Boom'' and ``Boogie Chillen.'' June 21.

Yvonne Dionne, 67. One of three remaining Dionne quintuplets whose birth in a small Canadian town caused a sensation in the 1930s. June 23.

Jack Lemmon (news - web sites), 76. Actor who brought a jittery intensity to his roles as finicky Felix Unger in ``The Odd Couple,'' the boastful Ensign Pulver in ``Mr. Roberts'' and a cross-dressing musician in ``Some Like It Hot.'' June 27.

Mortimer J. Adler, 98. Philosopher and education reformer who sought to bring intellectualism to the general public with the Great Books program, his own best sellers and the Encyclopaedia Britannica. June 28.

Joe Henderson, 64. Four-time Grammy winning tenor saxophonist, considered one of jazz insiders' best-kept secrets. June 30.

Chet Atkins, 77. Guitarist and music executive who played on hundreds of hit records, influenced a generation of rockers and developed country music's lush Nashville Sound. June 30. JULY

Nikolai Basov, 78. Nobel Prize-winning Russian physicist whose work was fundamental to the development of lasers. July 1.

Mordecai Richler, 70. Canadian writer known for novels on Jewish life in Montreal such as ``The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz.'' July 3.

Ely Callaway, 82. His oversized Big Bertha drivers helped weekend golfers play more like the pros and turned Callaway Golf Co. into the world's biggest club maker. July 5.

Katharine Graham, 84. She deftly steered The Washington Post through the tumult of the Pentagon (news - web sites) Papers and Watergate and built it into a leading force in American journalism. July 17.

Gunther Gebel-Williams, 66. The circus animal trainer whose showmanship and uncanny rapport with animals delighted children of all ages with the Greatest Show on Earth. July 19.

Frances R. Horwich, 94. Her 1950s show ``Ding Dong School'' helped change children's television and led the way for shows like ``Sesame Street'' and ``Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.'' July 22.

Eudora Welty, 92. Wise, meticulous writer whose loving depictions of small-town Mississippi brought her international acclaim and a Pulitzer Prize. July 23.

Joan Finney, 76. Her populist beliefs and gift for connecting with voters helped her become the first woman governor of Kansas, in 1991. July 28.

Edward Gierek, 88. Polish communist ruler who pushed for reform during the 1970s but was forced from power in 1980 over mounting debt and strikes. July 29.

Poul Anderson, 74. Master science fiction writer known for his futuristic tales of human courage. July 31.

Korey Stringer, 27. Minnesota Vikings right tackle who played in the 2001 Pro Bowl. Aug. 1. Heat stroke.

Ron Townson, 68. Centerpiece singer for the Grammy-winning pop group The 5th Dimension, who had a string of hits in the 1960s such as ``Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In'' and ``Up, Up and Away.'' Aug. 2.

Larry Adler, 87. The harmonica virtuoso who charmed kings, commoners and composers with an instrument once disparaged as a toy. Aug. 7.

Maureen Reagan, 60. The outspoken presidential daughter who crusaded for Alzheimer's disease (news - web sites) awareness after her father fell ill and for cancer victims when she contracted melanoma. Aug. 8.

Lou Boudreau, 84. Hall of Fame shortstop who as player and manager led the Cleveland Indians to their last world championship, in 1948. Aug. 10.

Earl Anthony, 63. Hailed as ``Mr. Bowling,'' he was the first professional bowler to break the $1 million barrier in winnings and six-time PBA bowler of the year. Aug. 14.

Rep. Floyd Spence (news - bio - voting record), 73. A South Carolina congressman for 30 years; a tireless advocate of the military. Aug. 16.

Donald Woods, 67. South African newspaper editor and apartheid opponent whose activism was chronicled in the movie ``Cry Freedom.'' Aug. 19.

Dr. Harry M. Meyer Jr., 72. Co-developer of the German measles vaccine that has helped save children from birth defects such as blindness and cerebral palsy. Aug. 19.

Sir Fred Hoyle, 86. British astronomer who coined the term ``Big Bang'' but never accepted that theory for the origin of the universe, arguing instead that it is in a ``steady state.'' Aug. 20.

Kim Stanley, 76. Acclaimed as one of the theater's finest actresses in the 1950s in plays like ``Bus Stop,'' ``A Touch of the Poet'' and ``Picnic.'' Aug. 20.

Kathleen Freeman, 82. Veteran character actress whose face was known to audiences from television sitcoms, the film ``Singin' in the Rain'' and Broadway's ``The Full Monty.'' Aug. 23.

Aaliyah, 22. Rhythm and blues singer known for hits such as ``Age Ain't Nothing But a Number''; also a budding actress in films such as ``Romeo Must Die.'' Aug. 25. Plane crash.

The Rev. James D. Ford, 70. He served as chaplain of the House of Representatives from 1979 to 2000. Aug. 27.

Dr. Christiaan Barnard, 78. South African doctor who became an international hero in 1967 by performing the first successful human heart transplant. Sept. 2.

Horace A. ``Jimmy'' Jones, 94. He trained racehorse Citation to the final two legs of the 1948 Triple Crown and was the first trainer to top $1 million in purses. Sept. 2.

Troy Donahue, 65. Heartthrob actor of the 1950s and '60s who starred in teen romances like ``A Summer Place'' and ``Parrish.'' Sept. 2.

Pauline Kael, 82. Brash, witty movie critic who thrashed both facile commercialism and self-indulgent pretense from her perch at The New Yorker. Sept. 3.

Robert McAfee Brown, 81. Presbyterian theologian who was co-founder of Clergy and Laity Concerned About Vietnam and one of the best-known advocates of liberation theology. Sept. 4.

Justin Wilson, 87. Cajun chef whose down-home humor, gumbo-thick accent and ``ga-ron-tee'' of authentic bayou cuisine delighted television audiences. Sept. 5.

Neil D. Levin, 47. As executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, he headed the agency that ran New York's airports and owned the World Trade Center. Sept. 11. World Trade Center attack.

Barbara Olson, 45. Lawyer, conservative television commentator and author; a frequent critic of the Clinton administration. Sept. 11. Pentagon attack.

Dorothy McGuire, 85. Soft-voiced actress who lent dignity and inner strength to such films as ``Gentlemen's Agreement'' and ``Friendly Persuasion.'' Sept. 13.

Fred De Cordova, 90. Producer of ``The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson'' - and butt of Carson's jokes - for 22 years and director of such movies as Ronald Reagan (news - web sites)'s ``Bedtime for Bonzo.'' Sept. 15.

Samuel Z. Arkoff, 83. His American International Pictures exploited the youth market with low-cost movies that bore such bizarre titles as ``I Was a Teenage Werewolf.'' Sept. 16.

Isaac Stern, 81. The master violinist who saved Carnegie Hall from the wrecking ball and helped advance the careers of generations of musicians who followed. Sept. 22.

Ozzie Simmons, 87. As a halfback for the University of Iowa in 1934-36, he became one of the first black All-American college football players. Sept. 26.

Nguyen Van Thieu, 78. Former South Vietnamese president who led his nation in the war that tore apart his homeland and bitterly divided the United States, then was forced to step down as North Vietnamese troops closed in. Sept. 29.

Frank Gasparro, 92. As an engraver for the U.S. Mint, he designed the ``tail'' side of the penny used since 1959. Sept. 29.

George Gately, 72. Creator of the ``Heathcliff'' newspaper comic about the antics of a rotund cat. Sept. 30.

Mike Mansfield, 98. Longest-serving Senate majority leader in U.S. history, leading through the tumultuous years of civil rights demonstrations, Vietnam, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society and Watergate. Oct. 5.

Herbert L. Block, 91. Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post cartoonist who under the name ``Herblock'' skewered every president since Herbert Hoover. Oct. 7.

Vasily Mishin, 84. One of the founders of the Soviet space program who spearheaded the failed Soviet effort to reach the moon. Oct. 10.

Frederic W. Ziv, 96. TV syndication pioneer who had a hand in such action favorites as ``Highway Patrol,'' ``Sea Hunt,'' ``Bat Masterson'' and ``The Cisco Kid.'' Oct. 13.

Jay Livingston, 86. Oscar-winning composer and lyricist who collaborated on such hits as ``Silver Bells'' and ``Que Sera, Sera.'' Oct. 17.

Neil Tillotson, 102. For four decades, he cast the first vote on U.S. presidential election days in the tiny mountain village of Dixville Notch, N.H. Oct. 17.

Daniel Wildenstein, 84. One of the world's leading art dealers and collectors whose family owns two prestigious Manhattan galleries. Oct. 23.

Gerald Solomon, 71. Ten-term congressman from upstate New York known for his staunch conservatism. Oct. 26.

Paul C. Warnke, 81. An early disarmament proponent who served as a key arms control negotiator and defense adviser for three Democratic presidents. Oct. 31. NOVEMBER

Juan Bosch, 92. Former president of the Dominican Republic who was ousted in a coup in 1963 but whose leftist ideas remained influential. Nov. 1.

Sir Ernst Gombrich, 92. British art historian whose definitive book ``The Story of Art'' was translated into more than 30 languages. Nov. 3.

Edward P. Boland, 90. Eighteen-term congressman from Massachusetts who in the 1980s wrote the Boland amendments barring U.S. aid to the Nicaraguan Contras. Nov. 4.

Ken Kesey, 66. He won fame as a novelist with ``One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest,'' then took an LSD-fueled bus ride that became a symbol of the psychedelic 1960s. Nov. 10.

Nathan Pusey, 94. A scholar of ancient history who led Harvard University during the turbulent campus protests of the 1960s. Nov. 14.

Harrison A. Williams Jr., 81. A popular champion of organized labor whose U.S. Senate career was ended by the Abscam bribery scandal. Nov. 17.

Norman Granz, 83. Music impresario who helped make jazz more accessible to the public while making the music business fairer to black performers. Nov. 22.

Mary Kay Ash, 83. Her cosmetics company, known for giving pink Cadillacs to top saleswomen, made her one of the most famous women in American business. Nov. 22.

Jean-Louis Palladin, 55. Celebrated chef whose cuisine at Jean-Louis at the Watergate Hotel was credited with helping put Washington on the restaurant map. Nov. 25. Lung cancer.

John Knowles, 75. Author whose ``A Separate Peace'' has been read by millions of students and is considered an enduring study of an adolescent's inner conflict. Nov. 29.

George Harrison, 58. The ``quiet Beatle'' who added rock 'n' roll flash and a touch of the mystic to the band's timeless magic. Nov. 29. Cancer.

R. Lawrence Coughlin, 71. Moderate Pennsylvania Republican who served in Congress for nearly a quarter century. Nov. 30.

Gerhart Riegner, 90. As a World Jewish Congress official in Switzerland, he tried to alert the world about the planned Nazi Holocaust in 1942. Dec. 3.

Peter Blake, 53. New Zealand environmentalist and yachtsman; two-time winner of the America's Cup race. Dec. 5. Slain by river pirates on Amazon.

Don Tennant, 79. The advertising wizard who created Kellogg's Tony the Tiger and Philip Morris' Marlboro Man. Dec. 8.

Wendell Gauthier, 58. Attorney who battled the tobacco industry and won billions of dollars for plaintiffs in court fights over silicone breast implants and hotel fires. Dec. 11. Liver cancer.

Rufus Thomas, 84. Rhythm and blues star whose novelty numbers like ``Funky Chicken'' gave a boost to the Stax label in the '60s. Dec. 15.

Leopold Sedar Senghor, 95. African statesman and poet who led Senegal to independence in 1960 and became the West African nation's first president. Dec. 20.